Population & Evolutionary Genetics

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Juan C. Martínez-Cruzado, Ph.D.                                

Full Profesor                                                                 Most recent articles:

Department of Biology

University of Puerto Rico, Mayagüez Campus               Via, M., Gignoux, C.R., Roth, L., Fejerman, L., Galanter, J., Chourdhry, S., Toro-Labrador, G.,

P.O. Box 9000                                                             Viera-Vera, J., Oleksyk, T., Beckman, K., Ziv, E., Risch, N., Burchard, E.G., and Martínez-Cruzado, J.C.

Mayagüez, PR  00681-9000                                        (2011) Geography and history shape fine-scale genomic admixture patterns in the island of Puerto Rico. 

Tel. (787) 832-4040  X-3357, 3751                            PLoS ONE 6: e16513. PDF

Fax (787) 834-3673                                                   

Martínez-Cruzado JC (2010) The history of Amerindian mitochondrial DNA lineages in Puerto Rico,

In: Island shores, distant parts: archaeological and biological approaches to the Pre-Columbian settlement of

the Caribbean, (Fitzpatrick SM,  Ross A.H, eds), University Press of Florida, Gainsville, Florida, U.S.A.

For lineage parameters and median networks, see lineages.


Díaz-Matallana  M, Martínez-Cruzado JC (2010) Estudios sobre ADN mitocondrial sugieren un linaje

predominante en la Cordillera Oriental de Colombia y un vínculo suramericano para los Arcaicos de Puerto

 Rico.  Universitas Medica 51: 241-272. PDF


Santory-Jorge AO, Avilés LA, Martínez-Cruzado JC, Ramírez D (2008) The Paradox of the Puerto Rican

Race: The Interplay of Racism and Nationalism under U.S. Colonialism. In: Grant-Thomas A, Orfield G

(eds) Twenty-First Century Color Lines: Multiracial Change in Contemporary America.  Temple University

Press, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania


Choudhry, S., Burchard, E.G., Borrell, L.N., Tang, H., Gómez, I., Navqi, M., Nazario, S., Torres, A., Casal, J.,

Martínez-Cruzado, J.C., Ziv, E., Ávila, P.C., Rodríguez-Cintrón, W. and Risch, N.J. (2006)  Ancestry-

environment interactions and asthma risk among Puerto Ricans.  Am J Respir Crit Care Med 174: 1088-1093. PDF


Martínez-Cruzado, J.C., Toro-Labrador, G., Viera-Vera, J., Rivera-Vega, M.Y., Startek, J.,                                                                                   

Latorre-Esteves, M., Román-Colón, A., Rivera-Torres, R., Navarro-Millán, I.Y., Gómez-Sánchez, E.,

Caro-González, H. and Valencia-Rivera, P. (2005). Reconstructing the population history of Puerto Rico

by means of mtDNA phylogeographic analysis.  Am. J. Phys. Anthropol. 128: 131-155. : PDF


                                                                                    Toro-Labrador, G., Wever, O.R. and Martínez-Cruzado, J.C. (2003).  Mitochondrial DNA

analysis in Aruba: strong maternal ancestry of closely related Amerinds and implications for the peopling of

northwestern Venezuela.  Carib. J. Sci. 39: 11-22. PDF


                                                                                                Martínez-Cruzado, J.C., Toro-Labrador, G., Ho-Fung, V., Estévez-Montero, M., Lobaina-

Manzanet A., Padovani-Claudio D.A., Sánchez-Cruz, H., Ortiz-Bermúdez, P. and Sánchez-Crespo, A. (2001)

 Mitochondrial DNA analysis reveals substantial Native American ancestry in Puerto Rico.  Hum. Biol. 73:

491-511. PDF